An electrical panel, also known as a circuit breaker panel or a breaker box, is a distribution board that controls and distributes electricity throughout a building. It is typically located in a utility room, basement, or garage and is the central point of control for the electrical system.
The electrical panel receives power from the utility company and distributes it to various circuits throughout the building. It contains multiple circuit breakers or fuses, which protect the circuits from overloading and causing a fire or other electrical hazards. Circuit breakers and fuses are designed to trip or blow when the electrical current exceeds a certain level, thus interrupting the flow of electricity and preventing damage to the circuit and the electrical equipment connected to it.
The electrical panel also contains a main breaker, which controls the flow of electricity from the utility company to the panel. This breaker is typically located at the top or bottom of the panel and is designed to trip if the electrical current exceeds the capacity of the panel or if there is a short circuit.
It is important to ensure that the electrical panel is installed and maintained properly to ensure the safety of the building and its occupants. Only qualified electricians should install or make changes to the electrical panel. Regular inspections and maintenance can also help prevent electrical hazards and prolong the lifespan of the electrical system.